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Jalaluddin Muhammad Akbar was the greatest Mughal emperor of India. Akbar is also known as Akbar-e-Azam. Akbar, became the Emperor of India at the age of 14, after the untimely death, of his father, Emperor Humayun. During his reign, Akbar respected all religions, treated people of all castes and classes equally, and established friendly relations with them.

Akbari’s rule was increasing continuously. The Kingdom needed a law. Perhaps this is the reason that, in the Kingdom of Akbar, a group of learned people was always present in the court on every big and small decision.

Akbar had appointed nine scholars in his court, who were later called Navratnas.

Today I’m going to talk about those Navratnas 

1. Abul-Fazal

Abul Fazal was one of the Navaratnas of Akbar. His introduction is such, that he is known for composing the famous Mughal period book Akbarnama and Aainne Akbari. Apart from this, he remained a favorite person of Akbar, due to his intelligence and loyalty.

Abul Fazal stayed in Akbar’s court and became one of his beloved. He also contributed a lot in making some of Akbar’s war campaigns successful. He was once said to be the right hand of Akbar. He was also a great scholar and poet! He wrote many books during his lifetime. 

    2. Raja Birbal

    Birbal had a different status among the Navrantas of the Mughal emperor Akbar’s court. He was very witty and intelligent. Birbal was not only the Wazir-e-Azam but also a close friend of the Mughal emperor.

    It is believed, that Birbal had attended the court of Emperor Akbar during the year 1556. At that time, about 28 years old Birbal had a bright mustache on his cheeky face which resembled Akbar.

    Soon, Birbal became the emperor’s favorite because of his ability in princely matters. Their relationship is mentioned in great detail in Ira Mukhoti’s book The Great Mughal.

    3. Raja Todar Mal

    Raja Todarmal was a warrior, an able administrator, and an exemplary finance minister. He was one of the ‘Navratnas’ of Akbar’s court. He had introduced an excellent land revenue system.

    In 1582, the emperor conferred on him the title of Diwan-i-Ashraf. He served as a scribe in the court of Akbar. Akbar was impressed by his administrative ability and conferred the post of ‘Wazir’ to Todarmal. His system was so effective and modern than other rulers and even the British followed it.

    4. Abdul Rahim Khan-I-Khana

    The full name of Rahim Das is Abdul Rahim Khan-e-Khana. This is the same Rahim whose Hindi couplets you must have read at some point or the other. He has made an important contribution to Hindi literature.

    Rahim was an art lover, poet, and litterateur. Rahim was counted as one of the Navaratnas in the court of the Mughal emperor Akbar. He used excerpts from texts like Ramayana, Mahabharata, Puranas, and Gita in his poetry. Which presents a glimpse of Indian culture

    5. Faizi

    Faizi was the elder brother of Abul Fazl. Emperor Akbar appointed him as the mathematics teacher of his son. After that,  Akbar chose him as one of his Navaratnas. Independent philosophical thoughts are the main feature of his poetry. He hated religious promiscuity. Faizi became the poet of the royal court. He was a kindhearted person, and also respected the poor.


    6. Mulla Do-Piyazan

    He also held the position of Home Minister in Akbar’s court. The one who is known as Mulla was actually Abul Hasan. Due to the jokes and interesting tricks with shero-Shayari, Mulla also got a place in the Navaratnas.

    He had Joined the Navratns of Akbar by his intelligence and cunning. When Akbar came to know about his favorite food, Murga do Pyaza, the emperor gave him the title of Mulla Do-Piyazan.

    7. Tansen

    Tansen was a famous musician in the court of the Mughal Emperor Akbar. He was a well-known singer of Hindustani music. He was one of the Navratna of the court. Tansen’s real name was Ram Tanu Pandey.

    There was such magic in his voice and music that everyone was mesmerized. Along with singing, he also had the skill of playing. Tansen had also composed many compositions. Tansen was an original artist.

    8. Raja Man Singh

    Raja Man Singh was one of the famous Nav-Ratna of Akbar’s royal court. Raja Man Singh was appointed the ruler of West Bengal, Orissa, and Bihar. He remained very close to Akbar due to his intelligence and military prowess.

    Raja Man Singh had inherited valor and courage. Raja Man Singh was the first Rajput King of Amer. Raja Man Singh’s aunt was married to Emperor Akbar.

    9. Fakir Aziao-Din

    The Fakir Aziao-Din was the advisor of Akbar. Fakir Aziao-Din was the Religious Minister for Akbar’s court. He provided religious advice, to the Emperor on a wide range of topics related to religion. Akbar regarded his advice in high Esteem and had been include among the nine gems of his Court Arnav Navaratnas. 

    Categories: Culture


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